Gut Infections are caused by bacteria (such as amoebiasis, shigellosis, giardiasis and salmonellosis).
Symptoms can include diarrhoea, stomach cramps, farting, nausea and fever. These can show up within several hours of exposure.
Gut infections can be passed on sexually or through food and water. Transmission can occur when small amounts of infected faeces get into the mouth from fingers, rimming or having sex, scat play, or handling used dildos.
Anti-diarrhoea treatments are often enough to treat gut infections, but antibiotics can also be used. Fluid intake needs to be carefully monitored as dehydration can easily occur.
Some gut infections can be particularly severe for HIV positive people particularly if they are immunosuppressed. Nausea and vomiting may also lead to problems of compliance with antiretroviral medications.
To avoid gut infections, use gloves for anal play and place a dam over the arse for rimming. Wash your hands after handling used condoms, toys or after sex involving anal play.