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Herpes (Herpes Simplex Virus, HSV) presents in two different types.

  • Type One is usually found around the mouth and is commonly known as a cold sore.
  • Type Two is usually found around the penis and anus areas and is commonly known as genital herpes.

Symptoms may not always be present, but can include an itching or tingling feeling around the infected area and an outbreak of painful blisters or sores which later form scabs. Flu-like symptoms may also be present.

Herpes can be passed on both sexually and non-sexually during skin to skin contact, and by direct contact with a sore on the mouth, penis or anus. It can also be transmitted where there are no obvious symptoms present.

A physical examination of the affected area can detect a herpes outbreak.

There is no cure, but there are treatments that can reduce symptoms and speed up recovery. The possibility of repeated outbreaks varies from person to person, but outbreaks may become less frequent and over time may stop all together.

Outbreaks of HSV can be more severe and last longer for those living with HIV. HIV viral loads can peak during outbreaks and increase transmission risk to partners of both HSV and HIV.

Condoms can reduce the risk of transmission. There is also strong evidence that taking anti-HSV medications greatly reduces the risk of passing herpes on to partners.

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

    Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the virus that can cause warts on the penis, anus or surrounding areas.

    Keep reading…


  • Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)

    LGV is a particularly virulent form of the Chlamydia bacteria. It is still rare, but it may become more common over time.

    Keep reading…


  • Molloscum Contagiosum

    Molloscum Contagiosum (MC) is a virus that causes pimple-like lumps on the body.

    Keep reading…


  • Pubic Lice (Crabs)

    Pubic Lice (Crabs) are small parasites that grip onto the hair in the genital area.

    Keep reading…


  • Scabies

    Scabies are tiny mites (smaller than crabs) that burrow under the skin to lay eggs.

    Keep reading…


  • Syphilis

    Syphilis is a bacterial infection that infects the penis, vagina, throat or anus and then spreads to different parts of the body through the bloodstream.

    Keep reading…


  • Thrush

    Thrush (or Candidiasis) is a yeast infection that irritates the mucous membranes around the genitals.

    Keep reading…


  • Chlamydia

    Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that can infect the mucous lining of the penis, anus, or vagina.

    Keep reading…


  • Gonorrhoea

    Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection that lives in the mucous lining of the penis, throat, anus, vagina or eyes.

    Keep reading…


  • Gut Infections

    Gut Infections are caused by bacteria (such as amoebiasis, shigellosis, giardiasis and salmonellosis).

    Keep reading…


  • Hepatitis A, B & C

    Hepatitis A, B & C are all viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. There are three different kinds of Hepatitis. Each has different symptoms and different treatments.

    Keep reading…


The NZAF network

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